Note: This web site, “Stone Quarries and Beyond Continues,” is a continuation of the original/legacy web site, “Stone Quarries and Beyond,” that was created over 20+ years ago by my late husband, Pat Perazzo. I can no longer add to or correct the original web site, although it will remain online as is. Future additions will be added to the new web site “Stone Quarries and Beyond Continues” and our Stone Quarries and Beyond Facebook page. Peggy B. Perazzo
Only the entry page for the Missouri state section is available at this time on the new web site. You will find the rest of the Missouri state page on the original web site Stone Quarries and Beyond using the links below.
Geology Resources – Missouri
- Missouri State Department of Natural Resources – Division of Geology and Land Survey
- Geologic Survey Program
- Land Records Repository
- Missouri Geologic Map Index
- Publications, Manuals, Videos, and Other Media
- Geology (Scroll down to section.) (The “Geology” section includes the following publications in PDF format in addition to many other publications.)
- Historic Preservation (Scroll down to section) (The “Historic Preservation” section includes the following publications in PDF format in addition to many other publications.)
- Architectural/Historic Inventory Form – PUB1320
- Economic Impacts of Historic Preservation in Missouri (booklet) PUB 1230 (2002) [PDF]
- National Register of Historic Places, Fact Sheet – PUB1327 (01/02)
- Missouri Resources Magazine (issues) & Brochure
- “The Age and Origin of The Crystalline Rocks of Missouri,” (Photographs) in Geological Survey of Missouri Bulletin No. 5, 1891, pp. 5-42. (Please note that this section will not be presented here, only the photographs.)
Plate I. View of porphyry bluff and needle showing vertical fissures and absences of bedding seams. From right bank of Little St. Francois river, about 1 mile above the mouth. In S.E. quarter, sec. 24, township 33, N. 5 E. Plate II. Fig. 1. View of the summit of Pilot Knob showing the massive nature of the porphyry rock, the vertical fissures and the angular blocks produced by the falling of the hanging wall. Plate II. Fig. 2. View of the north-east side of Pilot Knob, just above the ore bed, showing the pseudo-bedding in porphyry. Plate III. Fig. 1. View of a porphyry breccia boulder showing flow structure. From the south hill-side of the Manganese Mines. In N.W. quarter, section 19, township 33 N. 4 E.
- America’s Volcanic Past: Missouri, presented on the U. S. Geological Survey web site.
- Bedrock Geology of the Kansas City Vicinity: Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Space-Age Atlas, by James S. Aber.
- Below Missouri Karst: Eons in the making, Missouri’s geology naturally gives rise to caves, by William R. Elliott, presented on the Missouri Conservationist Online web site.
- The Burlington Formation, by Dick Gottfried, presented on the Eastern Missouri Society of Paleontology.
- Cave State Caves, presented on the ozarkcaving.com.
- Ed Clark Museum of Missouri Geology, 111 Fairgrounds Road, Rolla, Missouri; (573) 368-2100.
- East-central Missouri Geology, photographs and geological descriptions presented on the In-situ Science Field Camp for Teachers web site, Pittsburg State University.
- Everett J. Ritchie Tri-State Mineral Museum, Joplin, Missouri. (“This museum interprets the geology and geochemistry of the area and illustrates mining processes and methods used from the 1870s through the 1960s.”)
- A Field Trip Guide to the Geology of SMSU’s Springfield Campus, SMSU Department of Geography, Geology, and Planning Fact Sheet 2, written by Dr. Kevin R. Evans, Geography, Geology and Planning, Southwest Missouri State University (A photograph of red Missouri granite is included amongst the photographs.) [PDF]
- Geologic Map of Missouri, 1990, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Land Survey (now Geological Survey and Resource Assessment Division)
- The Geologic Story of The Great Plains (in PDF format), by Donald E. Trimble (A nontechnical description of the origin and evolution of the landscape of the Great Plains.) Geological Survey Bulletin 1493, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1980.
- Geology of Missouri, presented on About.com by Andrew Alden, Guide to Geology.
- Geology of Missouri, presented on Wikipedia.
- The Great River Road: Visitor’s Guide to the Middle Mississippi River Valley. “The Great River Road is one of America’s national treasures. greatriverroad.com’s coverage extends from Hannibal in the north to Ste. Genevieve in the south and brings our readers information on both the Illinois and Missouri sides of the river.
- greatriverroad.com covers the following regions of the Mississippi River Valley:
A. Meeting of the Great Rivers Scenic Byway: Illinois counties of Calhoun, Jersey, and Madison.
B. French Colonial Country: Illinois counties of St. Clair, Monroe, and Randolph, Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri.
C. Meeting the Missouri: St. Charles County, Missouri.
D. Riverboat Country: Missouri counties of Pike, Ralls, and southern Marion.
- greatriverroad.com covers the following regions of the Mississippi River Valley:
- Greene County, Missouri, Geology, in History of Greene County, Missouri, 1883, R. I. Holcombe, Editing Historian.
- Hawn State Park, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, presented by the Department of Natural Resources. (includes sandstone bluffs and canyons)
- Jefferson County, Missouri, Geology, in Goodspeed’s History of Jefferson County, Missouri, contributed by Mona House. (Scroll down to the “Geology” section.)
- Jo Schaper’s Missouri World: A Guide to the Science, History, Culture and Poetry of Being a Missourian
- A Location Guide for Rockhounds, (PDF) Collected by Robert C. Beste, PG, St. Louis, Missouri: Hobbitt Press, 2nd ed., December 1996, 148 pp. (Includes chapters on “Mineral Locations by State,” “Appendix and Glossary,” and “Bibliography.”)
- Meramec Caverns (Cave tours are available.)
- Mineral and Fossil Museums, Exhibits, & Displays in the United States – Missouri
- Mineralogy and Petrology of Diabase Intruding The Silvermines Granite in Southeast Missouri, C. Renee Rohs, Geology/Geography, Northwest Missouri State University.
- Missouri Caves, Karsts, and Springs, presented on the ozarkcaving.com web site.
- Missouri Field Trip Guides, presented on the Fieldtrips and Guidebooks of the Association of Geologists web site. Guidebooks and/or photographs are available for the individual publications on this web site.)
- Missouri Fossil, Rocks, and Minerals, by Bruce L. Stinchcomb, November, 1997, on Look Smart Find Articles web site.
- Missouri Geology – “Earth and Space Sciences Field Trip,” by Kip Chambers, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, Kansas (photographs) (A field trip to the St François Mt. region of East-Central Missouri.)
- Missouri Granites, an abstract of a paper by Prof. Charles R. Keyes, State Geologist of Missouri circa 1896, in the chapter on “Stone,” by William C. Day, in the Eighteenth Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey, Part V – Continued, Mineral Resources of the United States, 1896, Nonmetallic Products, Except Coal. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1897, pp. 966-967.
- Missouri is a State of Mines – ESU Earth Science Department presents “Missouri is a State of Mines,” highlights from the First Annual Minerals Education Workshop Sponsored by the Missouri Mining Industry Council and the Missouri Limestone Producers, by Susan Ward Aber.
- Missouri Geological & Topographical Map – A Tapestry of Time and Terraine: The Union of Two Maps – Geology and Topography, presented by the United States Geological Survey.
- Missouri Marble (scroll down), presented by Geology Field Notes by the National Park Service.
- Missouri Nature Walks:
- Missouri Resources and Missouri Resource Review Index, presented by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.
- Missouri Speleological Survey, Inc. (Fact Sheet on 6000 Caves)
- Missouri State Minerals Information (USGS)
- Missouri State Parks and Historic Sites
- Missouri State Parks List, presented on Wikipedia.
- Missouri State University – Field Trip Guide to the Geology of Missouri State University’s Springfield Campus, Dr. Kevin R. Evans, Department of Geography, Geology & Planning, Missouri State University, Edited by Dr. James F. Miller, Department of Geography, Geology & Planning Missouri State University, Dr. Thomas G. Plymate, Department of Geography, Geology & Planning, Missouri State University, Revised December 2006. [PDF]
- Missouri University of Science and Technology (commonly Missouri S&T and formerly known as the University of Missouri–Rolla and originally Missouri School of Mines), presented on Wikipedia.
- “Morphology of the Caves of Missouri,” by Joseph E. Dom, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Water Pollution Control Program-Planning, and Carol M. Wicks, Department of Geological Sciences, 101 Geology Building, University of Missouri, [PDF]
- National Geologic Map Database, presented by the United States Geologic Survey.
- Paleontology and Geology of Missouri, presented by Barry G. Sutton.
- Photographs from “The Age and Origin of the Crystalline Rocks of Missouri,” by Erasmus Haworth, in Geological Survey of Missouri Bulletin No. 5, 1891, pp. 5-42.
Plate I. View of porphyry bluff and needle showing vertical fissures and absence of bedding seams. From right bank of Little St. Francois river, about 1 mile above the mouth. In S.E. quarter, sec. 24, township 33 N. 5 E. Plate II. Fig. 1. View of the summit of Pilot Knob showing the massive nature of the porphyry rock, the vertical fissures and the angular blocks produced by the falling of the hanging wall. Plate II. Fig. 2. View of the north-east side of Pilot Knob, just above the ore bed, showing the pseudo-bedding in porphyry. Plate III. Fig. 1. View of a porphyry breccia boulder showing flow structure. From the south hill-side at the Manganese Mines. In N.W. quarter, section 19, township 33 N. 4 E.
- St. Francois Mountain Tour – Missouri Scenic Drives, presented on the GORP web site. (The section on “6. Elephant Rocks State Park ” indicates that the “park includes two historic granite quarries.”)
- St. Francois Mountains, presented on Wikipedia.
- St. Francois Mountains, April 2004: Igneous and Metamorphic Geology Field Trip, Photographs by Alan Whittington. (March 2003 trip) (April 2004 trip)
- The St. Francois Mountains – Missouri’s Hard Rock Core, by Conor Watkins, Conor Watkins’ Ozark Mountain Experience, Article 6 and 7. (This web site includes many photographs including this one of: “A massive wet saw cutting granite dimension stone at the Missouri Red Granite Quarry in Graniteville.”)
- St. Joseph Area of Missouri and Kansas (Map) – Geologic map of the Saint Joseph Area, Missouri and Kansas, presented by the U.S. Geological Survey.
- St. Louis Limestone, presented on Wikipedia.
- St. Louis Science Center, St. Louis, Missouri.
- St. Peter Sandstone, Ordovician, Missouri, photographs by Leslie Melim, presented on the Western Illinois University Department of Geology web site.
- St. Peter Sandstone, presented on Wikipedia.
- “Ste. Genevieve Formation at its type locality in Missouri,” by Nicholas M. Short, AAPG Bulletin; October 1962; v. 46; no. 10; p. 1912-1934.
- Ste. Genevieve Limestone, presented on Wikipedia.
- Taum Sauk Mountain, in the Ste. Francois Mountains, Missouri – “Escape to the Highest Point in Missouri – Taum Sauk Mountain,” June 29, 2006. (This publication includes an article with photos entitled, “Elephant Rocks: Nature’s Circus Elephants.” [PDF]
- Tyson Research Center – Washington University
- University of Missouri-Columbia, Department of Geological Science, Columbia, Missouri.
- University of Missouri-Rolla Experimental Mine (Web site includes information for public tours of the mine.)
According to the web site: “The facility is used primarily by the students and faculty of UMR’s School of Materials, Energy and Earth Resources for instruction and research in mining engineering and geological engineering practices. The mine also serves as an introduction to the mineral industry in Missouri for the public through guided tours and various informational programs.” History of the Mine – Scroll down to this section which begins with: “The initial purchase of land for the Experimental Mine was made in 1914 from Edwin Long, and an underground mine and quarry were subsequently developed on the property for use by UMR’s department of mining engineering….”
- U. S. Department of the Interior – Bureau of Land Management
- U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet on Missouri
- U.S. Geological Survey Programs in Missouri
Stone Carvers, Stone Cutters, etc., in Missouri
- Charles Andera – “The Remarkable Crosses of Charles Andera,” by Loren N. Horton, in Markers XIV, Association for Gravestone Studies, 1997. ( Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wisconsin, USA)
- “Carvers of Gravestones: A Generation Apart,” in the Boonslick Area of Missouri, Chapter 9 in “Reflections of Change: Death and Cemeteries in the Boonslick Region of Missouri,” Maryellen Harshbarger McVicker, Dr. Osmund Overby, Dissertation Supervisor. (This book is no longer available at the link below, but you can access the book using the Internet Archive Wayback Machine link.)
- Lucy J. Daniel, Marble Cutter, Exeter, Barry County, Missouri. The following article is from “Some Women Marble Cutters,” in The Monumental News Magazine, the date of the original publication is unknown, although it was published some years after 1885, pp. 120 (?). This article was included as one of the past articles of the magazine in the December, 1939 issue of The Monumental News Magazine. (Photo captions: Lucy J. Daniel, of Executor, Mo.; Alice E. Rigg, of Canada; & Pearl Sams, of Great Bend, Kansas.)
Some Women Marble Cutters
“When Tennyson wrote, ‘Man for the field, and woman for the hearth; man for the sword and for the needle she,’ he could not have foreseen how soon this statement would need revision. Man has well nigh deserted the sword; woman’s needle is now driven by machinery, and in her search for new fields of action, she has invaded many trades and professions that were formerly regarded as the sole prerogative of man. Women in mercantile establishments and business offices no longer excite comment. Chicago has some women bank tellers, and every one of the professions has its women representatives, and the census strenuously announces that there are some women blacksmiths. “‘Monumental News’ has recently been trying to discover how many women are identified with the arts and crafts tributary to the marble and granite industries, and while the returns have not been by any means complete, we present on this page some evidence of the fact that woman is deserting the needle and taking up the chisel. It is well-known that there are a number of women sculptors who have achieved national prominence in their art, and one of whom is a member of the National Sculpture Society. Consequently our efforts were directed toward discovering some women marble cutters and carvers, and we have thus far succeeded in finding only three. This leads us to believe that the women connected with the trade are either scarce, or are of a more retiring disposition than their sisters in other walks of life, and we urge the timid ones to send along their photographs at once. “The young ladies introduced on this page are all experienced and reliable in the work of ornamental carving, lettering, and tracing, and express themselves as well satisfied with their work. “Miss Lucy J. Daniel, of Executor, Mo., was born in Carter county, Ky.; and learned the marble business with her father, who was in business in Charleston, Ark., and at Springdale, Ark., before moving to Exeter, Mo. she has had a long experience in the trade, having taken full charge of the shop in 1885, when she also began lettering. She does all of the lettering and some of the cutting and rubbing, and reports a good and growing business. She has recently been investigating homestead claims in western Kansas, and contemplates retiring from business and moving out there. “Miss Alice E. Rigg is a Canadian girl, and acquired her first experience in the shop of her father, Geo. Rigg, at Windsor, Ontario. She cut her first inscription seven years ago, and has since become a valued assistant in her father’s business, and it is sufficient testimony to her skill to say that customers continue to be pleased with her work. She does not do stone cutting or the heavier work of the shop, but is an adept at carving, tracing, lettering and all ornamental work on granite and marble. Miss Rigg does much of her carving from original designs of her own, and become so skilled in this line that her drawings for carved work are in demand by out of town workers, and she is reputed to be the most skillful marble carver in Windsor, where her work is in great demand. Our illustration shows an excellent likeness of her in working costume. “Miss Pearl Sams, of Great Bend, Kansas, also learned to handle the mallet and chisel under the instruction of her father, W. J. Sams who is a veteran monument man of thirty years’ experience. She writes that she began at the age of seventeen, and has been at the trade over seven years, thereby revealing what is commonly supposed to be one of the secrets of the sex. She received a thorough training in the craft, beginning with frosting, lettering footstones and small slabs and proceeded gradually to the better class of work. For the past three years she has been doing the best of lettering and tracing, and can cut an inscription as quickly and as thoroughly as the average man in the trade. She does not do heavy cutting or polishing, but considers herself master of the other branches of marble cutting. She says: ‘I love my trade and expect to follow it as long as my name is Miss Pearl Sams.’ “There are a number of women who are successfully managing businesses formerly conducted by their husbands, but very few of them do the actual work of cutting.”
- Early Stone Cutters in Western Missouri, A Research Study From Jones-Seelinger-Johannes Foundation, 2005, Poplar Heights Farm, 103 West Walnut Street, Butler, Missouri. (Brian Phillips – Executive Director, Terrie Jessup – Program Director, Patricia Jacobs – Research Assistant, Betty Newton – Research Assistant, Photography – Brian Phillips, Terrie Jessup, Melissa Phillips)
- Stone Cutters Whose Lives Touched Western Missouri (You can either use the “Stone Cutters” section of the menu on the web site or visit the links below for detailed information on the stone cutters in each county.)
- Stone Cutters of Bates County, Missouri: F.R. O’Rear, T.A. Roberts, C.W. Rogers, T.R. Roland, A. Roberts, L.P. Stevens, Jas. W. Simmons, and H. Simmons.
- Stone Cutters of Cass County, Missouri: E.R. Goodwin, Loge Logan, A.J. Leap, H.T. Smith, S.B. Vernon, C.F. Killinger, Judd Kazee, Charles Reeder, W.M. White, A.L. Thurston, William W. Alhurn, Samuel McAlexander, Charles Lancaster, Charles Warner, J.E.P Bowers, Joseph Carr, C.F. Killmyer, W.S. Killmyer, D. Schwankee, Charlie Taylor, David Taylor, Jennie Taylor, William Taylor, John Coffey, T.J. Merica, Martin Crotty, James Dugless, Paul Dunken, George Hart, John J. Hill, John J. Welsh, John W. Clary, Phillips Coloss, M. Cunningham, Gordon Johnson, James Moseley, A.J. Sullivan, James Walbridge, Theodore Bailey, George Burgess, John Buckly, Phillip Dorsey, Charles Dunn, Simon Head, Jno. Gamble, Aaron D. Gilbert, Hugh Hastings, Josiah Heard, Silas Kazee, James Ruth, Andrew Sherlock, John O.P. Sherlock, Nelson Sherlock, William Shortridge, Armstrg. Hyser, George L. Vance, Dennis Woods, D. F. Glass, J.O.P. Sherlock, Charles Dore, James Allison, Jacob H. Davis, Glenwood Davis, Palmer, Bros., and M.A. Hullinger,
- Stone Cutters of Johnson County, Missouri: Adam Schwenk, NathanFisher, John W. Rowlett, A.S. Carney, Bartley Cary, Samuel Cassady, Maurice Lehey, Francis Ferguson, John C. Wear, Mathew Bass, Charles Brooks, Charles Dennison, George Ridge, James Shuford, James R. Wade, Benjamin Brittan, William Braumer, C.B.D. Austin, James Hall, Jack Hathaway, George Maxfield, Julian Talbott, John Valmer, J.L. Brown, William Bruce, Jno. F. Cline, F.F. Elliott, Michael McBride, and Benjamin Bretten.
- Stone Cutters of St. Clair County, Missouri: George Moody, T. Rainwater, John Hill, Cul Biggs, Frank Goff, (Sheet) Charles J. Holland, H.C. Schlichtman, Clarence Harvey, John S. Hill, J.M. Smith, James Street, James K. P. Dike, Edward Wood, T.E. McDowell, William Allen, Alpheus Tucker, George Monroe, George H. Moody, ? Wilson, A.W. Campbell, C.B. Rogers, C.P. Brackman, Nepoleon B. Brooks, and William Cue.
- Stone Cutters of Vernon County, Missouri: J.W. Runyan, George A Miller, J.E. Harris, George B Cary, George Smith, Jas. Welch, Abraham Tidwell, A.R. Boothman, James B. Miller, E.F. Hines, William B. Creach, John Fluke, William Nichols, brother in law of John Fluke, Charles A. Weston, D.R. Austin, Joel T. Downey, James Hughes, George W. Boggs, Alfred Briley, Emanuel (?) Thompson, Charles Kling, Patrick Brophy, Thomas Mims, Alfred Cox, William Cox, John Mims, James Hendricks, Frank Kessinger, H.H. Wilson, Lawrence Daly, George Hartly, Jas. W. Shepherd, Charles A. Weston, Daniel Baily, and Charles Shepperd.
- Stone Cutters in Other Areas in Western Missouri: Will B. Caton, Sedalia, Pettis County, Missouri; Alvis M. “Brownie” and Elizabeth Davis, Deepwater, Henry County, Missouri; and Charles Gebherdt, Clinton, Henry County, Missouri.
- Stone Cutters’ Tools:
- Practical Advice to Marble and Granite Workers in 1900 & Shop Necessities 2
- Hand Tools For Marble and Other Soft Stone (This section discusses the bush hammer, chipper, pitching tool, plug and feathers, point, and slab splitter.)
- Hand Drilling Stone
- Machine Drilling
- Pneumatic Hammer
- Toothed Chisels
- The Dallett Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Carving Tools)
- The George Vogel & Co. Tools, Missouri.
- Recipes for Stone Cutters
- Nancy Coonsman Hahn, St. Louis, Missouri (from Monumental News: Granite, Marble, Stone, Bronze Sculpture, March 1923, Vol. XXX, No. 3, pp. 148)
What the Sculptors Are Doing: “Mrs. Nancy Coonsman Hahn, sculptress has returned to her home in St. Louis, Missouri, after nine months in Europe, during which she supervised erection of the Missouri State Memorial Monument at Cheppy, France.”
- William “Scotts” or “Scotch” Johnston (mid-1800s) – The following is from the web site, Alton in the Civil War: Alton and the Underground Railroad:
“The man who buried Elijah Lovejoy, William ‘Scotts’ or ‘Scotch’ Johnston, was a free Black stonecutter who did the work on St. Louis’ Old Cathedral. When Lovejoy was reinterred in 1864, Johnston was the only one who knew where he lay.”
- Robin Putnam – Carthage, Missouri, Stone Carver – Visit Robin Putnam’s web site to view photographs of many sculptures done in Indiana limestone, Utah Alabaster, and other stones.
- Tom Schrauth – Cape Fair, Missouri. Article about Tom Schrauth, Stonemason, entitled, “A new Stone Age Tom Schrauth turns marble and limestone into enduring works of art,” by Jeff Joiner. (photographs)